Persian rugs are known as the top level of rug art.
The history of Persian rugs dates to 2500 years ago. Persians brought out the best instances of creativity and skills. The art of rug knotting, transferred from father to son and became a family tradition in Iran.
The fame of the Persian rugs, traveled around the world became an outstanding asset. In all industrial and developed countries, being possessed of Persian rug means that the owners are wealthy and have artistic souls. The art of hand-knotted rug improved and became magnificent throughout the years and brought glorious fame and success for its creators.
Hand-knotted rugs have three different types in terms of materials: wool, silk, and wool-silk mixture. Approximate ninety percent of a Persian rug, made of wool.
İranian rugs, made of wool and silk, also has Persian and Turkish knot technique. Not to mention the fact that Persian rugs are high-quality rugs that are colored by vegetable dye.
A Persian rug is known as the Persian Rug. Most of them, and the best of them, loomed by Turkic people like Azerbaijani, Turkoman, Qashqai.
Persian rug has a different technique than the rugs loomed in Turkey. Persian knots are looser and weaker in the sense of quality and durability than Turkish knots.
Art of hand-knotted rug in İran, start with Seljuks. The oldest exponent of Persian rugs occurred at miniatures in the 14th and 15th centuries. After the 16th-century Persian rug acquired a characteristic, rugs loomed for royals or endangered with royals’ consent. As from the 19th century, when fine trade organizations were constituted, İran became the top rug exporter in the world.
The rug known as the oldest Persian rug came insight in an area named Pazyrk at skirts of Altai Mountains. The rug’s patterns contain ribbon ornaments in the middle; on one border, it carries deer symbols; on the other, there are Persian cavalier figures. Studies showed that Pazyrk rug belongs to 383-200 BC.
Pazyrk rug preserved perfectly up to this day because it was frozen. The rug was found as an ice ball. It was in okay condition and still flexible when it was thawed, other than a couple of the ripped zone and a missing spot. After the rug came to the surface, it was washed with special technics, dried, and sprayed with a unique mixture that contained alcohol, gelatin, and glycerin. Pazyrk rug exhibited in St. Petersburg Hermitage Museum since 1950.
First documented proof for rug’s existence date back to Sasanians, who lived in Iran at 224-641 A.D. Heraclius brought a large variety of rugs to the capital of Sasanians after Ctesiphon was concerned. They include a famous rug named “Springtime of Khosrow.” This favorite 27 square meter rug put its stamp on history as the most precious rug. Nevertheless, Arabs tore this precious rug apart and sold every piece of them individually.
Art of Persian rug reached a peak in 16th century with Safavids Nearly 1500 quintessence of this era maintains at special collections of several museums all over the world. Throughout the reign of Shah, Abbas’s blow was struck in trade and art. When Shah Abbas supported relations with Europe, it affected decartelization assertively. Apart from this constituted a royal workshop for rug looming. In this workshop, he encourages talented crafters to create spectacular rugs. Numerous specialists believes that these rugs represent the top level of rug art.
Moreover, Shah Abbas, brought on utilization gold and silver thread. One of the rugs that loomed with this method was used in a coronation ceremony, and now it’s preserved at Rosenburg Castle in Copenhagen. This splendid piece has a velvet surface pile and a bright golden lower base. Of course, these rugs were knotted for royalty and aristocracy.
Rugs waved in İran have a special place for Turkish rug art. Because they have a wide variety of rugs and every one of them is a piece of art. Persian rugs and Turkish rugs have always interacted in terms of patterns, colors, and knot techniques.
Persian rug earns persistent fame, more than national and ethnic industries all other countries have. This fame became notorious worldwide; even the eastern world known as the place legends were born. Rugs are considered essential decorative objects and a source of pride in international museums. And these rugs are incomparable Persian crafter’s work of art.
These artifacts waved with such great patience and caution by calloused and skilled fingers. And this art of rug that hewed out will continue to be a source of pride for the Persian people in the future.
Rugs with a maximum of 35 knots per square centimeter constitute a significant part of the annual rug production.
And these rugs attract a great deal of attention domestically and from abroad.
Mercantile and art regained their importance in the last quarter of the 19th century. Rugs of merchants from Tabriz, exported to Europe by way of Istanbul, and courtesy of this action, rug weaving developed once again.
At the end of the 19th century, some companies from Europe and America came to set up factories and started rug producing for the western markets. In the present, the rug looming is the most extensive handcraft in Iran.
Persian rugs are worldwide known for their wide color range, great artistic patterns, and quality designs. Persian rugs are the most asset in the most important buildings, museums, and mansions.
Persian rug weaving continues in the present. The world keeps track and evaluates them.
Why choose Nomad Looms for your antique oriental carpets?
For over 40 years, our company has promoted an approach centered on the customer and his needs. Each consumer has different demands and we are thrilled to meet their expectations with a first quality antique carpet, but also with outstanding service. When a customer is perfectly satisfied with his antique rug, we know that we have reached our goal!
We have gained a reputation for quality and integrity, in which we take pride. Much like the antique, vintage, and modern rugs that we sell, our expertise of understanding and recognizing top-quality antique oriental carpets have been passed down through the years, through four generations.
In store, be assured that our experienced team is there for you, will know how to advise you and will find for you an authentic antique carpet that will become much more than a simple element of decoration.
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