Persian Rugs Dallas
The Persian rug is one of the first to come to mind when talking about "Iranian culture". It is one of the country's biggest economic resources as well as the cultural symbol for Iran. Although China and India took the first place in handmade carpets, the most precious hand-made carpets accepted worldwide are Persian Rugs Dallas.
History of Persian Rug
According to written sources, the history of Persian carpets dates back to 539 BC. When Cyrus the Great, the founder of the First Persian Empire, conquered Babylon in 539 BC, he was fascinated by the splendor of the carpets in the palace. Perhaps Persian rugs spread thanks to him. According to historical records, these hand-woven carpets decorated the palace of Cyrus the Great. It is even said that Cyrus' tomb near Persepolis was covered with these precious carpets.
The first documented evidence of the existence of Persian rugs is the Sassanid dynasty carpets that date back to AD 224-641, mentioned in the Chinese records. After the Emperor Heraclius conquered the Sassanid capital of Ctesiphon in AD 628, he took a variety of carpets with him.
When the Arabs conquered Ctesiphon in AD 637, he returned with various spoils. It is said that among these spoils there are many Persian rugs, including the famous garden rug "Khosrow Spring". The "Khosrow Spring" was made in AD 531-579 during the 1st Khosrow period. The 8.3 square meter carpet has gone down in history as the most valuable carpet of all time. The Arabs then cut this precious carpet into many pieces and sold it.
Seljuks, who dominated Iran during AD 1038-1194, have a great importance in the history of Persian carpets. There were very talented Seljuk women who were engaged in carpet weaving using Turkish knots. The Turkish knot called Gordes has been used in the Seljuk-influenced Azerbaijan and Hamadan regions until today.
Although the Mongols' control of Iran between 1220-1449 was brutal at first, they came under Persian influence after a while. Tabriz Palace belonging to the Ilkhanid ruler Gazan Khan is furnished with valuable carpets. Although the Mongolian ruler Shahrukh encouraged people in the region to engage in artistic activities, Persian rugs from this period were generally simple in style with geometric motifs.
The Persian rug reached its peak during the Safavid Dynasty in the 16th century. Shah Abbas encouraged trade with Europe after transforming Isfahan, one of Iran's most famous cities, into the new capital. He established a palace school to train talented designers and weavers for carpets. Most of the carpets produced here are silk woven rugs with gold and silver threads for decoration. The first concrete evidences about this craft also belong to this period. Approximately 1500 samples from this period have been preserved in private collections and various museums around the world. The largest of the two known Safavid carpets is kept in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, while the other is on display at the Los Angeles City Art Museum.
The reign of the Persian carpet ended with the Afghan occupation in 1722. After the Afghans destroyed Isfahan, no carpet of great value was produced during the period of Nadir Khan, the shah of Iran, and the turbulent period that followed his death. Only craftsmen and nomads in small villages continued traditional weaving.
Towards the end of the 19th century, during the Qajar dynasty, trade and crafts gained importance again. Carpet making developed once again, through the Tabriz merchants who were trading carpets to Europe via Istanbul. Some European and American companies set up business in Iran and organized craft production for the western market. Today, Persian Rugs Dallas weaving is still the most common handicraft in Iran.
Features of Persian Rugs Dallas Produced Today
Rugs produced in the Abadeh region between Isfahan and Shiraz are wool carpets. The motifs of these Persian rugs are small bird and flower woven around several hexagonal medallions in the middle. Colors in combination of red, red brown and blue are used.
The carpets produced in the Kashan region of Central Iran are silk woven. The most important feature of Kashan carpets with 10-14 knots per square centimeter is their middle medallions.
Rugs in the Kirman region in southeastern Iran are usually woven from lamb wool. Despite the use of thick woolen threads, Kirman carpets are very tightly woven and use mixed flower and tiny motifs called "oriental pattern".
The Afshars, who live in semi-nomads close to the Kirman region, weave wool carpets. The most important feature of these geometric-patterned Persian rugs is that they aren’t woven very tightly.
Herat rugs, on the other hand, are thin long, tightly woven rugs. The floor of these rugs with a very soft touch and bright color is dark red or blue. Usually, date palm and pear patterns are used.
Rugs produced in Ardebil region and on the Caspian Sea are tightly woven and geometric patterned carpets. These Persian rugs, whose nomadic motifs are frequently used, are recognized in Europe through an example found in the Victoria and Albert Art Museum in London.
Wool carpets woven in the Bahtiyarı nomad villages in the Zagros Mountains are known as the most durable carpets in Iran. Garden patterns are used in these tightly woven Persian Rugs Dallas.
Rugs called Balush, woven in small villages on the border with Afghanistan in Iran, are brown or dark colored. The tree of life is usually stylized in these carpets.
Rugs produced in the Kurdish region of western Iran are called Bidjar. The most important feature of Bidjar carpets is that they are woven with a Turkish double knot. These carpets, which are mainly in pastel and beige colors, generally use garden and flower motifs.
The most important feature of the carpets called Gabbeh, produced by Kashkay nomads in southwestern Iran, which means plain and natural in Persian is that they don’t use motifs. These rugs of several colors or one color are woven with colored yarn and without a motif. It is possible to find a single animal or human motif on the carpets and rugs produced by the resident Kashkays in the same region.
The city of Kum, one of the religious capitals, has begun to make a name for itself with silk carpet weaving in recent years. Fine silk Iranian rugs produced in the workshops here; It is woven with garden, flower, small animal, and human figures.
The most distinctive feature of the wool-cotton blend Persian rugs produced in the Hamedan region is that they are narrow and long. These rugs usually contain geometric patterns or floral and garden motifs.
Another Persian rug produced in the Hamedan region is Nihavend carpets. Flower medallions and floral borders are used in these carpets, which are predominantly in red and in beige color interspersed. Due to the productivity of the workshops in the region, Nihavend carpets are the easiest to find in Iran.
Large size Heriz rugs have geometric patterns with a single medallion in the middle. They are easy to distinguish through the geometric large medallions with pieces.
In the Senneh in the Kurdish region of Iran, besides geometric-patterned carpets, Iran's best quality rugs are also produced.
Rugs from the Shiraz region have simple motifs and don’t woven very tightly. It is usually produced in red tones.
Turkish influence can be seen in the motifs of the Persian Rugs Dallas produced in Tabriz, where Azerbaijanis live. These rugs are the most valuable ones due to their high knot density.
Why Is The Iranian Carpet So Popular?
The Persian rug, is famous for its rich colors, artistic motifs, and weaving quality, is not only used in living room decorations; it also takes part in fashion shows, concert stages, and many works of art. Iranian carpets found in important buildings, museums, and mansions all over the world are seen as the most valuable property. These carpets that bear witness to the history of the world and tell mankind with motifs of epics and wars; It frequently appeared in the paintings of famous painters and even in the designs of world-famous fashion designers.